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ARPANET
Father of the Web
Control
Domains

The U.S. Department of Defense laid the foundation for the Internet roughly 40 years ago with a network called ARPANET.  But the general public didn't use the Internet much until after the development of the World Wide Web in the early 1990s.  As recently as June 1993, there were only 130 Web sites.  Now there are millions.  Here's a quick look at how it all came to be.

ARPANET

In 1957, the United States government formed the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), a segment of the Department of Defense charged with ensuring U.S. leadership in science and technology with military applications. Just more than a decade later, in 1969, ARPA established ARPANET, the forerunner of the Internet.

Father of the Web

The World Wide Web came into being in 1991, thanks to developer Tim Berners-Lee and others at the European Laboratory for Particle Physics, also known as Conseil Européenne pour la Recherche Nucléaire (CERN).

Who's in Control Here?

No one authority controls the World Wide Web.

What are Domains?

Domains divide World Wide Web sites into categories based on the nature of their owner, and they form part of a site's address, or uniform resource locator (URL).

 

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Copyright © 2001 Introduction to the Internet
Last modified: August 29, 2001